The Evolution of Electric Vehicles In India

As per the current situation, everyone is facing two major problems, that are each person in this world got tired paying of rising petrol prices. Also, the air pollution or Carbon footprint is increasing day by day. These drastically raising issues can be overcome by executing electrical vehicles.

You may have been thought that electric vehicles were launched in the ’20s. But that’s not true. Electric vehicles or EVs were launched in the year 1826. So, what are the reasons behind it the resurgence? And nowadays, why everyone is in the world especially in India is focusing on the enforcement of electric vehicles? Are there is a need for Electric Vehicle?

In this blog, you will get an answer to each question that comes to your mind.

What is an Electric Vehicle?

The simple definition would be, an Electric Vehicle (EV) operates on an electric motor instead of a gasoline tank for propulsion. Electric Vehicles include roads, rail, Underwater vessels, Electric aircraft, and spacecraft. There are two main types of electric vehicles: Fully Electric and Plug-in Hybrid.

Electric Vehicles history

Thomas Edison and Detroit Electric model 47 in 1914
Thomas Edison and Detroit
Electric model 47 in 1914

Though Electric Vehicles were launched in the mid 19th century then what made it resurgence? Compared to today’s date, the high cost, low top speed, short span of electric batteries, these few issues made a huge impact on Electric vehicles. From there EVs were started to vanishing.

At that time electricity was the preferred method for motor vehicle propulsion. However, providing a level of comfort and ease of operation could not be achieved by the gasoline cars at that time.

Electric Vehicle has been resurgence because of an increased focus on renewable energy, a vast development in technologies, and the potential reduction of transportation’s impact on climate change and other environmental issues.

Electric Vehicles Status in India

India started taking incentives on Electric Vehicles in 2010, To address the issue of rising pollution, global warming, depleting natural resources, etc. After that in 2013, the Government of India unveiled the ‘National Electric Mobility Mission Plan (NEMMP) 2020’ intending to improve the national energy or fuel security by a major shift to electric vehicles, zero vehicular pollution, and growth of domestic manufacturing capabilities.

In the previous or past electrical vehicles, Nikel-Metal batteries were used which leads to their tendency of self-discharging. So to overcome this Lithium-Ion (LI-Ion) Batteries are used. These have higher energy & power density, longer life of span than other batteries. But there is an issue with cost and thermal breakdown.

Toyota bZ4X Concept
Toyota bZ4X Concept

To promote eco-friendly vehicles, the central government had launched the FAME (Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of Hybrid and Electric Vehicles) Scheme which providing various subsidies and charging ports.

Why We Need Electric Vehicles?

We need to re-think the way we are using our vehicles, 6 of the world’s 10 most polluted cities are in India. The foremost reason for this is Gasoline Vehicles. Gasoline Vehicles are the biggest reason for the emission of Carbon Dioxide (C02) and they are the main offenders of Global Warming as more CO2 comes from transportation.

India is spending thousands of crore rupees in Oil to import them from Arabic Countries. It is better if the amount could start spending on the development of Electric Vehicles. Also, fossil fuel like Oil is at the edge, therefore, it is necessary to sustain it. Moreover, the petrol price is at the peak and it is getting worse for the middle-class people.

We need to cure our addiction to oil petroleum products, maintain and Transform technologies with sustainability, stabilizing climate by maintaining our living standards is necessary.

Future Plan

  • Improved Batteries: As technology progresses and production volume rises, lithium batteries should be made safe, last longer, and recharged should be in minutes instead of hours.
  • India is planning to run cars on Hydrogen, which has a net-zero percent pollution rate and produces completely green energy. Although India is very far in Technology, India has made its early entry into the ‘National Hydrogen Mission’. Hydrogen is the most common element on earth but it is very difficult to find in nature separately, for example, Hydrogen Oxide (H20) is the formation of Hydrogen and two Oxygen likewise, So it is hard to find it separately. The government is truly focusing on green hydrogen which is generated entirely from renewable energy sources.

Big Challenges

Electric Vehicles charging station
Electric Vehicles charging station
  • Charging Infrastructure: India has nearly 70,000 Petrol stations, so there is no issue if your car ran out of fuel. But If your electric car ran out of charging, it will put you in trouble because only 300 EV charging stations are available in India.
  • Higher Cost: The question is, are common people could afford Electric vehicles? Because Tesla model 3 has a price range of 60 Lakhs. But if demand goes drastically then the price shall come down.
  • Lack of Technology: A petrol vehicle can run approx 500 Km if the tank gets full( 40 lit.) but in the case of the electric vehicle, the maximum a car can run is 120 Km. There are lot of improvements needs to be done in electrical vehicles.


Electric Vehicles benefits
Electric Vehicles Benefits
  • Better for the Environment: By choosing to drive an Electric Vehicle you are helping to reduce harmful air pollution because it has zero exhaust emission. Also if you are using renewable energy like a Solar system for electricity so it can diminish Greenhouse gas emissions.
  • Better for the Health: Electric Vehicles are smooth than petrol cars in terms of noise pollution. lower the air & noise pollution lesser the health problems.
  • Easy to Maintain: Electric Vehicles have fewer moving parts than standard Gasoline cars so servicing is comparatively easy, less frequent, and overall inexpensive than a petrol car.
  • You can say goodbye to petrol’s higher prices and get tax-free credits from the government.


I hope that you understood the importance of Electric vehicles, It will put a large impact on a better Environment and growing Economically in the upcoming days. Moreover, you can save your money and help to reduce the emission to live a better & healthy life.

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